NOTE: the NCCRC only posts about litigation once is is complete. We do not provide updates on pending litigation.
- In July 2016, the Supreme Court of New Jersey recognized a constitutional right to counsel for parents in private adoption cases. Read more about the New Jersey case here.
- In May 2016, the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts held that parents have a constitutional right to counsel in proceedings to modify or terminate a private guardianship of a child. This followed on the heels of a 2014 decision that recognized the right to counsel for parents when the guardianship is initially established. Read more about the Massachusetts case here.
- In March 2015, the Georgia Court of Appeals held that while appeals of termination of parental rights are discretionary, an appellate court cannot refuse the appeal where a parent is wrongly denied the statutory right to counsel to make the appeal. The decision implicitly supported the concept that the right to counsel for the appeal is constitutional in addition to statutory. NCCRC helped file an amicus brief on which the court heavily relied. The state has appealed to the Supreme Court of Georgia, and the NCCRC is assisting with the case once more. Read more about the Georgia case here.
- In February 2015, the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts held that "an indigent parent is entitled to the benefit of counsel when someone other than the parent, whether it be the State or a private entity or individual, seeks to displace the parent and assume the primary rights and responsibilities for the child, whether it be in a care and protection proceeding, a termination proceeding, an adoption case, or a guardianship proceeding." NCCRC drafted the first version of a 15-group amicus brief filed in support of the parents. Then in 2016, the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts extended this right to counsel to modifications and terminations of such guardianships in a case again assisted by the NCCRC. Read more here.
- In December 2014, the Montana Supreme Court held under the state constitution's equal protection clause that all parents have a right to counsel in adoption cases. NCCRC contributed substantially to the litigation strategy in this case. Read more about this case.
- In January 2014, the NCCRC scored a major win when the Hawaii Supreme Court, adopting the suggestion of a brief co-drafted by the NCCRC, ruled that all Hawaii parents have a right to counsel in abuse/neglect and termination of parental rights cases. Read more about the Hawaii victory, or read a Shriver Center piece about the history and importance of the case.
- In 2014, the Indiana Court of Appeals unexpectedly cast doubt on whether there really is a statutory right to counsel for parents in abuse/neglect cases. After hearing about the case, the NCCRC assisted the petitioner in the form of briefing, reseach, and amicus help, and in March 2014 the Indiana Supreme Court ruled that not only do parents have a right to counsel, but the failure to appoint counsel automatically requires reversal. Read more about the Indiana case.