Right to counsel
While a state may have many statutes, court decisions, or court rules governing appointment of counsel for a particular subject area, a "Key Development" is a statute/decision/rule that prevails over the others (example: a state high court decision finding a categorical right to counsel in guardianships cases takes precedence over a statute saying appointment in guardianship cases is discretionary).
Legislation, Abuse/Neglect/Dependency - Accused Parents
“The parents of a child who is the subject of a child in need of care proceeding shall be entitled to qualified, independent counsel at the continued custody hearing and at all stages of the proceedings thereafter.” La. Child. Code Ann. art. 608(A). Additionally, when the Department of Children and Family Services recommends that a petition for voluntary transfer is filed, the court must appoint counsel for the parent upon request, La. Ch.C. Art. 1518(B), and the court must appoint counsel even without a request and regardless of who files the petition if it is the parent or custodian of an Indian child. La. Ch.C. Art. 1518(C).
La. Ch.C. Art. 625(A)(1)(d) provides that “At the continued custody or continued safety plan hearing, the court shall advise the parents…of (d) The right to be represented by counsel and the right of indigent parents to representation by the Indigent Parents’ Representation Program in accordance with Children’s Code Article 608.” In addition, a notice served on a parent along with the petition and summons, shall state “You have the right to hire an attorney and are encouraged to do so. When you come to court, if you cannot afford to hire an attorney, you may qualify to have the court appoint one for you at state expense.” La. Ch.C. Art. 639.
If "yes", the established right to counsel or discretionary appointment of counsel is limited in some way, including any of: the only authority is a lower/intermediate court decision or a city council, not a high court or state legislature; there has been a subsequent case that has cast doubt; a statute is ambiguous; or the right or discretionary appointment is not for all types of individuals or proceedings within that category.
Appointment of Counsel: categorical Qualified: no