Discretionary appointment of counsel
While a state may have many statutes, court decisions, or court rules governing appointment of counsel for a particular subject area, a "Key Development" is a statute/decision/rule that prevails over the others (example: a state high court decision finding a categorical right to counsel in guardianships cases takes precedence over a statute saying appointment in guardianship cases is discretionary).
04/22/2022, Legislation, Termination of Parental Rights (Private) - Birth Parents
Previously, under Mo. Ann. Stat. § 453.030(11), a birth parent had a right to legal representation "and payment of any reasonable legal fees incurred throughout the adoption process", with such fees to be paid by the adoptive parents unless indigent. However, the statute was amended in 2022 to remove this provision about payment of fees.
The statute still provides that "[T]he court may appoint an attorney to represent a birth parent" if the birth parent requests such counsel, is not already be represented by counsel, and is, in the court's view, faced with "financial hardship" if obliged to hire an attorney out of pocket.
If "yes", the established right to counsel or discretionary appointment of counsel is limited in some way, including any of: the only authority is a lower/intermediate court decision or a city council, not a high court or state legislature; there has been a subsequent case that has cast doubt; a statute is ambiguous; or the right or discretionary appointment is not for all types of individuals or proceedings within that category.
Appointment of Counsel: discretionary Qualified: no