Right to counsel
While a state may have many statutes, court decisions, or court rules governing appointment of counsel for a particular subject area, a "Key Development" is a statute/decision/rule that prevails over the others (example: a state high court decision finding a categorical right to counsel in guardianships cases takes precedence over a statute saying appointment in guardianship cases is discretionary).
Litigation, Paternity - Defendant/Respondent
In Carroll v. Moore, 423 N.W.2d 757, 766-67 (Neb. 1988), the plaintiff, a putative father, argued that he had both a federal and state constitutional right to counsel in paternity proceedings. The Nebraska Supreme Court seemed to blend a federal and state constitutional analysis together and declared an absolute right to court appointed counsel in state initiated paternity proceedings. The court observed that paternity cases raise the monumental issue of the creation of parent-child relationships, that a paternity determination is res judicata, and that "[e]ven though a defendant's physical liberty is not immediately at risk if adjudged to be the father of a child in a paternity proceeding, he can lose his physical liberty in later proceedings which arise out of and are based on the initial paternity determination." The court concluded that "due process" required the appointment of counsel, but did not specify which constitution it was addressing, although it commented at one point that "it is apparent that under federal due process, the right of an indigent to court-appointed counsel may be found in either a civil or criminal context."
If "yes", the established right to counsel or discretionary appointment of counsel is limited in some way, including any of: the only authority is a lower/intermediate court decision or a city council, not a high court or state legislature; there has been a subsequent case that has cast doubt; a statute is ambiguous; or the right or discretionary appointment is not for all types of individuals or proceedings within that category.
Appointment of Counsel: categorical Qualified: yes