Right to counsel
While a state may have many statutes, court decisions, or court rules governing appointment of counsel for a particular subject area, a "Key Development" is a statute/decision/rule that prevails over the others (example: a state high court decision finding a categorical right to counsel in guardianships cases takes precedence over a statute saying appointment in guardianship cases is discretionary).
Legislation, Civil Commitment - Subject of Petition
South Dakota provides a statutory right to court-appointed counsel in civil commitment cases and other similar actions. "In no instance may a person not be represented by counsel" in a proceeding before a county board of mental illness that may result in involuntary commitment. S.D. Codified Laws § 27A-11A-7. Likewise, a developmentally disabled person alleged to meet the criteria for board-ordered commitment must be represented by counsel. S.D. Codified Laws § 27B-7-41. Finally, individuals threatened with involuntary detention for alcohol or drug abuse also have the right to a court-appointed attorney. S.D. Codified Laws § 34-20A-85.
An allegedly mentally ill child must be represented by an attorney during any hearing by a county board of mental illness. S.D. Codified Laws §§ 27A-15-15.3; 27A-15-35; 27A-15-41. A minor does not bear responsibility for the expense of an appointed attorney in these cases. See S.D. Codified Laws §§ 27A-15-15.4; 27A-15-19.
If "yes", the established right to counsel or discretionary appointment of counsel is limited in some way, including any of: the only authority is a lower/intermediate court decision or a city council, not a high court or state legislature; there has been a subsequent case that has cast doubt; a statute is ambiguous; or the right or discretionary appointment is not for all types of individuals or proceedings within that category.
Appointment of Counsel: categorical Qualified: no