Discretionary appointment of counsel
While a state may have many statutes, court decisions, or court rules governing appointment of counsel for a particular subject area, a "Key Development" is a statute/decision/rule that prevails over the others (example: a state high court decision finding a categorical right to counsel in guardianships cases takes precedence over a statute saying appointment in guardianship cases is discretionary).
Legislation, Termination of Parental Rights (Private) - Birth Parents
In a private termination of parental rights action, the court may appoint counsel for the parents pursuant to Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 14-2-318(a).
There is no mention of appoitning counsel in the Wyoming adoption statutes, and it is unclear whether Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 14-2-318(a) also applies to adoption proceedings. In at least one case that did not specifically deal with a parent’s right to counsel, the Supreme Court of Wyoming suggested that whether or not the termination statutes apply in the adoption context depends on how a case is prosecuted and under which statute(s) relief is requested. See In re Adoption of JLP, 774 P.2d 624, 627 (Wyo. 1989) (“Appellant attempts to posture the case as strictly an adoption proceeding premised solely upon the adoption statutes, Wyo. Stat. §§ 1-22-101 to -116 (1977), and argues that the criteria of the termination statutes were improperly considered in the proceeding. We observe, however, that the petition for adoption requested a termination of appellant’s parental rights pursuant to the termination statutes. In addition, the termination proceeding was prosecuted separately from, although incidentally to, the adoption proceeding, and the district court properly relied upon § 14-2-309 of the termination statutes in its order terminating appellant’s parental rights.”) On the other hand, the court has also said that termination of parental rights under the adoption code serves a different purpose that termination under the juvenile code and thus can use different processes and standards. Matter of Adoption of RHA, 702 P.2d 1259, 1264-65 (Wyo. 1985).
If "yes", the established right to counsel or discretionary appointment of counsel is limited in some way, including any of: the only authority is a lower/intermediate court decision or a city council, not a high court or state legislature; there has been a subsequent case that has cast doubt; a statute is ambiguous; or the right or discretionary appointment is not for all types of individuals or proceedings within that category.
Appointment of Counsel: discretionary Qualified: yes