Right to counsel - quarantine
While a state may have many statutes, court decisions, or court rules governing appointment of counsel for a particular subject area, a "Key Development" is a statute/decision/rule that prevails over the others (example: a state high court decision finding a categorical right to counsel in guardianships cases takes precedence over a statute saying appointment in guardianship cases is discretionary).
Legislation, Quarantine/Inoculation of Individual
In the event of a catastrophic health emergency, as defined in the Public Safety Article § 14-3A-01, the Secretary of Health may "...may order an individual or group of individuals to go to and remain in places of isolation or quarantine until the Secretary determines that the individual no longer poses a substantial risk of transmitting the disease or condition to the public..." Md. Code Ann., Health-Gen. § 18-905(a)(1)(ii); see also, Md. Code Ann., Public Safety § 14-3A-04. The Secretary shall issue a directive to the individual or group. Md. Code Ann. § 18-906(a); Md. Code Ann., Public Safety § 14-3A-05(a).
The individual, or group of individuals, can request a hearing to contest the isolation or quarantine. Md. Code Ann. § 18-906(b)(1); Md. Code Ann., Public Safety § 14-3A-05(c)(1); Md. Rule 15-1103(a). The Court can consolidate individual claims into group claims if several factors are met, including whether "entire group will be adequately represented in the consolidation." Md. Code Ann. § 18-906(b)(7)(iv); Md. Code Ann., Public Safety § 14-3A-05(f)(1)(iv). "The court shall appoint counsel to represent individuals or a group of individuals who are not otherwise represented by counsel." Md. Code Ann. § 18-906(c); Md. Code Ann., Public Safety § 14-3A-05(f)(2); Md. Rule 15-1104(a).
When there is no catastrophic health emergency, the Secretary of Health can issue directives for persons with communicable diseases to isolate or quarantine. See Md. Code Regs. 10.06.01.01-.25. There is no discussion of the procedure to contest the order in this context.
If "yes", the established right to counsel or discretionary appointment of counsel is limited in some way, including any of: the only authority is a lower/intermediate court decision or a city council, not a high court or state legislature; there has been a subsequent case that has cast doubt; a statute is ambiguous; or the right or discretionary appointment is not for all types of individuals or proceedings within that category.
Appointment of Counsel: categorical Qualified: yes