Vermont

This page provides a breakdown of all major developments and right to counsel law that the NCCRC knows for this state, sorted by subject area. Click on either tab below to see the aspect it describes.

Abuse/Neglect/Dependency - Accused Parents

Legislation

Key_development Question_mark

Discretionary appointment of counsel

Counsel may be appointed for indigent parents in abuse/neglect proceedings.

Appointment of Counsel: discretionary Qualified: no

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Abuse/Neglect/Dependency - Children

Legislation

Key_development Question_mark

Right to counsel

A child has a right to counsel in abuse/neglect proceedings.

Appointment of Counsel: categorical Qualified: no

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Child Support Enforcement (Civil Contempt)

Litigation

Key_development Question_mark

Right to counsel

The Vermont Supreme Court found a federal constitutional right to counsel in civil contempt proceedings.

Appointment of Counsel: categorical Qualified: yes

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Civil Commitment - Subject of Petition

Legislation

Key_development Question_mark

Right to counsel

There is a right to counsel for the indigent subject of a civil commitment proceeding.

Appointment of Counsel: categorical Qualified: no

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Custody Disputes - Children

Legislation

Key_development Question_mark

Discretionary appointment of counsel

A court may appoint counsel for a minor in a divorce proceeding regarding custody and support.

Appointment of Counsel: discretionary Qualified: no

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Guardianship/Conservatorship of Adults - Ward

Legislation

Key_development Question_mark

Right to counsel

There is a right to counsel for the indigent subject of a guardianship proceeding.

Appointment of Counsel: categorical Qualified: no

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Incarceration for Fees/Fines (incomplete)

Litigation

Key_development Question_mark

Right to counsel

The Vermont Supreme Court found a federal constitutional right to counsel in civil contempt proceedings.

Appointment of Counsel: categorical Qualified: yes

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Quarantine/Sterilization/Innoculation

Legislation

Key_development Question_mark

Right to counsel - sterilization

There is a right to counsel for the indigent subject of a sterilization proceeding.

Appointment of Counsel: categorical Qualified: no

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Termination of Parental Rights (Private) - Children

Legislation

Key_development Question_mark

Right to counsel

Children have a right to counsel in termination proceedings under the Adoption Act.

Appointment of Counsel: categorical Qualified: no

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Termination of Parental Rights (State) - Children

Legislation

Key_development Question_mark

Right to counsel

There is an arguable right to counsel for children in termination of parental rights cases.

Appointment of Counsel: categorical Qualified: yes

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Termination of Parental Rights (Private) - Birth Parents

Legislation

Key_development Question_mark

Right to counsel

Indigent parents have a right to counsel in termination proceedings under the Adoption Act.

Appointment of Counsel: categorical Qualified: no

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Termination of Parental Rights (State) - Birth Parents

Legislation

Key_development Question_mark

Discretionary appointment of counsel

Counsel for indigent parents in termination cases is on a case-by-case basis, but counsel is appointed routinely.

Appointment of Counsel: discretionary Qualified: no

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